When you first start out with a camera, you usually just point and shoot. Whether it’s a beautiful background or a pretty object, you go for it—only to then find that the results aren’t as good as you hoped. So what do you do?
Understanding the basics really helps you to create a strong foundation for photography. If you can figure out how the core elements work, the quality of your images will start to improve. And of the most fundamental elements of photography is exposure.
Exposure is often cited as one of the most common problems for amateur photographers. Whether you’re shooting with the best camera in the world or an iPhone, exposure is always relevant. Once you start to understand it, you’ll be able to become a master of it. So today, we’ve got a little BeFunky lesson in understanding basic principles of exposure.
What is Exposure?
Exposure is all to do with how much light enters your camera. So in other words, how light or dark a photo is. You might think that as long as you’ve got good lighting then it’ll be straightforward to take a photo, but the reality is that understanding exposure can get you much better results than you realize.
3 Key Aspects of Exposure
When it comes to understanding this, photographers like to talk about the exposure triangle. This includes the three main ingredients of exposure:
- Shutter Speed
Each of these will help you determine how much light is entering the lens of your camera. When you shoot in auto mode, your camera will automatically set the values for aperture, shutter speed and ISO. That means you don’t have any control over your photograph.
But if you shoot in manual mode, you can set these values yourself so you get to decide how you want your photo to look. And trust me, there’s a huge difference between using an automatic setting vs. your own customized one.
How To Understand Exposure
Here’s a really simple analogy that a lot of people like to use to get to grips with the exposure triangle. When you think about the relationship between Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO, think of your camera as a window, straight ahead of you. On the window are blinds that you can open and close to determine how much light comes in through the window.
This can be thought of as the size of the window. So the bigger the window, the more light can enter through it. Whereas the smaller the window, the less light can enter. Makes sense, right?
So the higher your aperture, the more light will enter the camera, making your image a lot brighter. It’s all about the opening of the lens, darling.
Top Tip: Aperture works in f-numbers, so the greater the F value the less light will be let in. This means that a setting of 1.6 will let in a lot more light than a setting of 4.6, so adjust accordingly.
Let’s take a look at the difference in these effects using the BeFunky Photo Editor:
The photo on the left is much darker and so would have a higher setting of aperture. Luckily, you can give your photos the same effect that adjusting your aperture would yield simply by increasing the brightness and contrast in the Photo Editor—woohoo!
It’s also worth keeping in mind the lower your aperture is set at, the more dreamy your photo will look. This is also how you get a more blurry background, which helps to make the focal point of your image stand out.
So if we go back to the window analogy, shutter speed can be remembered as how long the blinds on the window are open for. So the longer the blinds are open for, the more light enters. Since shutter speed is measure in seconds the higher the shutter speed, the more light will enter the photo. This means you’ll end up with a beautiful, bright photo.
Conversely, the lower the shutter speed, the darker your image will be.
ISO is related to the sensitivity of the light. It’s like if you’re wearing a pair of sunglasses. You’ll be more sensitive to the light coming in through the window when your sunglasses are a lighter shade than if they were darker. ISO sets that shade. The higher your ISO, the higher your sensitivity to light and the brighter your photo. But a word of warning—this may give you a grainer photo.
How Do I Put It Altogether?
Getting to grips with exposure and making it work for you and your photography takes time. It’s all about experimenting with the exposure triangle to get the effect you want to create. Remember that an alteration in one will impact the other two features, so try and keep that in mind.
But also remember that you’ve got the Photo Editor to come to your rescue! When you’re first playing around with exposure on your camera, you might become frustrated. Never fear, dear. Just head to the Edit panel and click on Exposure. You can then play around with brightness, contrast, shadows and more here and adjust them to your liking.
You could also try out your hand at the Levels tool if you’re feeling extra fancy—we won’t tell if you don’t.
Do you struggle with exposure when it comes to photography?